The Ministry of
Yahshua the Messiah
70 Weeks Are Determined
Daniel 9:24 “Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your set=apart city, to put an end to the transgression, and to seal up sins, and to cover crookedness, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up a vision and prophet, and to anoint the Most Set-apart”.
It is a common teaching that the ministry of Yahshua lasted for 3½ years and covered four Passovers. This reckoning was wrongly gathered from the wonderful prophecy given by the Archangel Gabriel to Daniel -
Daniel 9:27 “And He shall confirm the Covenant with many for one week, and in the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease”.
They assumed that “the week” referred to here is a 7 year week and that Yahshua was crucified in the midst of the week, so 3½ years was the term of His ministry.
How wrong they were!
The Feasts of Yahweh would all have been attended by Yahshua without a doubt, and they actually are all mentioned in the Gospel of Yohanan (John) even though two of them were wrongly named by the translators.
To cover 3½ years of ministry there would have to be 4 Passovers which include the 7 day Feast of Unleavened Bread, 3 Shavuots or Feast of Weeks (Pentecost), 3 Feasts of Tabernacles and 3 Feast of Dedications (Hannukkahs), but there were no Shavuots named in the Gospel of Yohanan, only one Feast of Tabernacles and one Hanukkah.
Something therefore is missing!
Either (1) Yahshua failed to attend the Feasts (not possible),
Or (2) Yohanan was haphazard in his recording of events and overlooked some of His attendances (not likely),
Or (3) the translators fitted the Gospel account to suit their preconcevied mindset that His ministry covered 3½ years (very likely).
To fit this thinking the translators had to account for four Passovers. The Feasts of Yahweh have no importance in christian thinking as they have relegated them to the past, and do not give them any value. They teach that the Torah (instructions of Yahweh) were done away with.
The Feaast of Shavuot (Pentecost) was soon to be the time of another momentous event with the outpouring of the Ruach haQodesh (Holy Spirit) and yet it did not get a mention in Yohanan’s gospel. Shavuot commenorates the giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai which was of enormous importance in the plan of Yahweh, yet it only gets a mention in Yohanan 5:1 as “a feast of the Jews” and is not named specifically as Shavuot as it should be. Also properly it is “a Feast of Yahweh” not of the Jews.
It is misnamed in most bible commentaries as “Passover” and has to be so misnamed in order to make up 3½ years of ministry which would have to include 4 Passovers.
We will now look at the Feasts during the public life of Yahshua
as mentioned by Yohanan in his gospel, all in their correct order
You will notice that the 40 days trial of Yahshua in the wilderness following His immersion by Yohanan (John 1:29-34) is not included. That would have been inserted after verse 34. Verse 35 goes on to “the following day”. That was Rosh Qodesh or New Year’s Day, Aviv 1, with Yahshua selecting His disciples.
And then in John 2:1 “On the third day there was a marriage in Cana”. That took place on the third day of the New Year, Aviv 3. The 40 days from His immersion to the New Year is the 7 weeks portion of Daniel’s prophecy in 9:25.
John 2:13 And the Passover of the Yehudim was near and Yahshua went up to Jerusalem. (a day or two before Aviv 14)
John 2:23 And when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, at the festival, many believed in His Name when they saw the signs which He was doing (Aviv 14).
Passover from the Hebrew Pesach is correctly rendered here. This was the first Passover of His ministry on the 14th of the first Hebrew month of Aviv.
The adult men were commanded by Yahweh to attend three Feasts every year. Of course, everybody could go, but the commandment allowed women and children the option to attend if their family circumstances allowed.
John 5:1 After this there was a festival of the Yehudim (Jews), and Yahshua went up to Jerusalem. (the 9th day of the 3rd Hebrew month)
It was not the Passover as has been taught in christianity and put forth in bible commentaries and bible margins, but it was the Feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) which is fifty days after the waving of the First Fruits offering, during the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the day following the weekly Sabbath of the seven day feast.
The Feasts of Yahweh specifically ordered by Him in Wayyiqra 23 (Leviticus) were never called “Festivals of the Jews” in Hebrew but were the Feasts of Yahweh. The Feasts or Festivals were intended for all of Israel not only the Jews. The translators knew Passover quite well, so they apparently took it for granted that this particular feast was Passover, when actually it was Shavuot (Pentecost). Therefore this was not, as they wrongly thought, the second Passover of His ministry, but it was His first Shavuot.
John 6:4 in the KJV says “And the Passover, the feast of the Jews was nigh”. Here again the translators got it wrong! This is not His third Passover, but the first of the special days leading up to the Feast of Tabernacles which was to be in two weeks’ time.
This is referring to the Blowing of Trumpets on the 1st day of the 7th Hebrew month, followed ten days later by the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) on the 10th day of the 7th Hebrew month. The people did not have to attend at Jerusalem for these special days.
These special days led up to the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles) on the 15th to the 21st of the 7th Hebrew month, followed by The Last Great Day on the 22nd. These eight days were obligatory for the adult men, including Yahshua, to attend.
The day of Blowing of Trumpets is always determined by the new moon, that is the dark moon. That day begins the 7th Hebrew month of Ethanim and heralds an announcement such as Yahshua spoke in the following verses -
John 6:32 Therefore Yahshua said to them, “Truly, truly I say to you, Moses did not give you the bread out of the heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread out of the heaven.
33 “For the bread of Elohim is He who comes down out of the heaven and gives life to the world”.
35 And Yahshua said to them, “I am the Bread of Life. He who comes to me shall not get hungry at all and he who believes in me shall not get thirsty at all.
39 “This is the desire of the Father who sent Me, that all He has given Me I should not lose of it, but should raise it in the last day.
40 “And this is the desire of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him should possess everlasting life. And I shall raise him up in the last day.
63 “It is the Spirit that gives life, the flesh does not profit at all. The words that I speak to you are Spirit and are life”.
What a momentous announcement this was. He is the Bread of Life, He is the giver of eternal life when we receive the Holy Spirit, the Ruach haQodesh, and have the Torah, which is His instruction for us, written on our hearts as in Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah) 31:31-33 and Hebrews 8:8-10.
All of this was completely new to the people of Jerusalem until that time. It was not only for them but was available for all people in the future.
John 7:2 And the Festival of Yehudim (Jews) was near, the Festival of Booths. (just prior to Ethanim 15)
In the KJV “Now the Jews Feast of Tabernacles was at hand”. They got Yahweh’s Feast of Tabernacles right this time! This was the first and only Feast of Tabernacles of His ministry.
After this Yahshua went up in secret to the temple and taught them there and said,
7:19 “Did not Moses give you the Torah? Yet not one of you does the Torah!”
He made it clear that they must follow the instructions given by His Father to Moses at Mt Sinai.
7:37 And on the Last Day (Ethanim 22), the Great Day of the Festival, Yahshua stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts let him come to Me, and let him who believes in Me drink.
38 As the scripture said, “Out of His innermost being shall flow rivers of living water”.
39 And this He said concerning the Spirit, which those believing in Him were about to receive, for the Set-apart Spirit was not yet given, because Yahshua was not yet glorified.
John 10:22 On the 25th day of the 9th Hebrew month of Kislev, Yahshua was present at the Dedication of the Second Temple celebrations. He was questioned in Solomon’s porch and the Jews attempted to stone Him.
John 11:1-44 On the 1st day of the 1st month, Aviv 29 CE, Rosh Qodesh, new year’s day, the 5th day of the week, Yahshua raised El’azar (Lazarus) after He had been dead for four days and gave him new life on this first day of the new year. A mighty miracle!
John 12:1 On the 8th day of Aviv, 6 days before Pesach (Passover), on the 5th day of the week, Miryam (Mary Magdalene) anointed the feet of Yahshua with precious ointment.
John 12:12-18 On the 9th day of Aviv, the next day, the 6th day of the week, Yahshua made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem on a colt with the people crying out, “Hosanna, Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of Yahweh, the Sovereign of Yisrael”.
Then for the next 4 days He was questioned, that is, inspected as the sacrificial lamb had been inspected for faults every year for over 1000 years since the time of the first Passover of Moses.
Daniel 9:26 “And after 62 weeks Messiah shall be cut off and have nought”.
This prophecy has a double fulfillment! It has both a 7 year “week” and a 7 day “week” sense.
* Now remember that the Hebrew day set by Yahweh begins at sunset.
After the 13th day of Aviv, the evening of the 3rd day of the week (Tuesday night our time), Yahshua had the Passover meal with His disciples, recorded in Matt 26:17-30, Mark 12:17-26, Luke 22:14-20 and John 13:1-12.
This was after sunset, when the Hebrew new day began, so it was the very start of the Day of Passover, the 14th day of Aviv. This Passover meal can not have been on the next night as is understood by many, as that is the 15th not the 14th and is the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is a High day, a Holy Day of Convocation and therefore a rest day.
On the 14th day of Aviv, 29 CE, our Wednesday, the 4th day of the week, which was Passover, the dreadful corrupt trial and crucifixion of Yahshua the Messiah took place. They had to have him killed and His body in the tomb before sundown as that was the first day of the Feast. This is all recorded in Yohanan chapters 18 and 19. Yahshua would have been 30 years and 6 months old at the time of His crucifixion.
“And after 62 weeks Messiah shall be cut off and have nought”.
On the 15th, 16th and 17th days of Aviv, our Thursday, Friday and Saturday, the body of Yahshua was in the tomb for 3 nights and 3 days. These are the first 3 days of the 7-day Feast of Unleavened Bread as told in John 19:40-42, thus fulfilling the sign of Yonah (Jonah) as prophesied in Matt 12:39 and 40.
Matt 12:40 “For as Yonah was three nights and three days in the stomach of the great fish, so shall the Son of Adam be three nights and three days in the heart of the earth”.
He showed for all that the Resurrection was as He had said earlier, a reality.
On the 18th day of Aviv, the first day of the week (our Sunday) in the morning early and still dark, on the day of Wave Offering of the First Fruits, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and found the stone rolled away, and ran and told Kepha (Peter) and Yohanan that He was not there. A Messenger had appeared to her and told her that Yahshua had been raised from the dead on the previous evening just before sunset on the Sabbath. He had been in the tomb for three nights and three days, exactly as the scriptures had said. Yahshua appeared to His disciples a number of times after His resurrection, mentioned in John chapters 20 and 21.
The Acts of the Apostles Chapter 2: 1-4 “And when the day of the Festival of Weeks (Shavuot) had come, they were all of one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from the heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them divided tongues as of fire, and settled on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Set-apart Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them to speak”.
This was the fulfillment of His ministry, the pouring out of the Holy Spirit on believers, on those who are obedient to His Word, who are truly repentant and who abide by the Torah, His instructions and commandments, and have them written on their hearts. For without the Torah written on our hearts it is impossible to identify and know what is sin.
This event happened exactly 70 weeks after the beginning of His ministry when He was immersed in the Jordan River by Yohanan.
The commonly accepted account of His death and resurrection taking place from Friday evening to Sunday morning is completely wrong and without any scriptural foundation. But how can anything be right when Passover is converted to easter, the name of a pagan goddess, and children are taught nonsense about hot cross buns, rabbits, eggs etc in place of the true story of the Saviour, the Messiah.
We will now study the words of the angel Gabriel to Daniel the Prophet soon after the year 538 BCE which was the year in which the Yehudim were taken into captivity in Babylon, Daniel being in captivity with them.
The angel Gabriel talked with Daniel and said -
Daniel 9: 22 “O Daniel, I have now come forth to make you wise concerning understanding.
23 “At the beginning of your supplications a word went out, and I have come to make it known, for you are greatly appreciated. So consider the word and understand the vision:
24 “Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your set-apart city, to put an end to the transgression, and to seal up sins, and to cover crookedness, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up a vision and prophet, and to anoint the Most Set-apart.
Yahshua fulfilled all of these prophecies during His ministry.
25 “Know then and understand: from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince is seven weeks and sixty two weeks. It shall be built again with streets and a trench, but in times of affliction”.
Solomon’s Temple and the city of Jerusalem had been destroyed by the Babylonians 70 years earlier when the Israelites were taken into captivity to Babylon. About 40,000 of them returned with Ezra to rebuild the Temple 70 years later as stated in Daniel 9:2 and Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah) 25:11.
In Verse 25 above the weeks are of seven years each. The building of the walls and Temple took 49 years (7 weeks) and the remaining 434 years (62 weeks) was the timespan until the anointing of the Messiah by His Father after His immersion by Yohanan.
Daniel 9:26 “And after the sixty two weeks Messiah shall be cut off and have nought”.
This prophecy foretells of the death of Yahshua.
9:26 continues “And the people of a coming prince shall destroy the city and the set-apart place. And the end of it is with a flood (of gentiles?). Wastes are decreed, and fighting until the end”.
This second part of verse 26 must refer to the evil one, Yahshua’s enemy, the anti-messiah who will cause all of this destruction and carnage.
27 “And he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week. And in the middle of the week he shall put an end to slaughtering and meal offering”. Here the week is of seven days.
This is probably where the idea of the 3½ years of ministry wrongly originated, as sometimes it is a seven year “week” and sometimes a seven day “week”.
It has been taught that this whole passage from the second part of verse 26 and all of verse 27 refers to satan, hence the small letter ‘h’ for ‘he’ is used throughout verse 27.
However, we believe that this prophecy must refer to Yahshua the Messiah.
Here is the same verse 27 with the capital ‘H’ which we believe should be there.
Verse 27 “And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week. And in the middle of the week He shall put an end to slaughtering and meal offering.
Yahshua fulfilled this prophecy. This one week refers to the crucifixion week from the day that He entered Jerusalem on the colt until His resurrection.
Verse 27 continues “And on the wing of abominations He shall lay waste even until the complete end, and that which is decreed is poured out on the one who lays waste”.
The second part of this verse refers to the end of the age, His judgment day, the time when Yahshua delivers up His completed work of restoration to His Father.
After 7 + 62 = 69 weeks Messiah will be cut off in the middle of the week. He was crucified in the middle of the week, Wednesday. The week begins at sunset Saturday which is the end of the Sabbath and goes for 7 days and finishes at sunset on the following Sabbath. The middle of the week is Wednesday (i.e. 3½ days). Yahshua was crucified at 9 am, (the 3rd hour of the day) and then darkness came over the land for 3 hours from noon to 3 pm when He breathed His last, according to the Gospel of Mark 15:24-38.
Many have taken the midst of the week to be referring to a 7 year week making it 3½ years, but this “week” here clearly refers to 7 actual days not years.
The death of Yahshua the Messiah, the Lamb of Yahweh, was the sacrifice which put an end to all other blood sacrifices, but not to the commandments of the Torah. The continuing sacrifice of animals after this time resulted in Yahweh allowing the enemy to remove the temple, leaving not a stone upon a stone.
There are, at this very time, people planning to rebuild a temple in Jerusalem made with stone, but He has told us that after Yahshua died and the Ruach haQodesh (Holy Spirit) was given on the Feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) that His instructions would be henceforth written on the fleshly tablets of the hearts of believers. Such people are the living temple of the Ruach haQodesh. The planned building of a temple made with hands and stone would be disobedience of His Word.
Daniel 9:25 speaks of the going forth of the decree of Artaxerxes, king of Persia for the captives to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. This decree was given in the year 457 BCE (Ezra 7:12-26 and Nehemiah 2:1-8). When we take a week of years (7 years) multiplied by the 7 weeks plus 62 weeks (making 69 weeks in total), this equals 483 years after the year 457 BCE and so comes to the year 27 CE. This is the beginning of Yahshua’s ministry with His immersion by Yohanan on the 19th day of 11th Hebrew month 27 CE.
A week of years by the time of the prophecy = 7 x (7+62) = 483 years
The year the decree was given by Artaxerxes 457 BCE + 483 = 26 CE
then add 1 because there was no year 0, gives us 27 CE as the beginning of the ministry of Yahshua the Messiah when He was immersed by Yohanan on the 19th day of the 11th Hebrew month of Shevat.
Yahshua would have been 29 years of age at that time.
The time of Yahshua’s birth can be well established from the Jewish historian Josephus’ report recording the death of Herod. Josephus the Jewish historian said that Herod died just prior to Passover and soon after the sighting of a solar eclipse. Astrononers have found that this event happened on the 10th of Adar 1 BCE therefore that would place Herod’s death in January or February of that year. Prior to his death he had all the male babies of the area under 2 years old killed in order to have Yahshua put to death as he thought he was a rival for his earthly throne.
Yohanan the Immerser who was born on the day of Passover 3 BCE was 6 months older than Yahshua who was born on the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the 15th day of the seventh month of Ethanim of 3 BCE.
Herod ordered all boy babies up to the age of two years to be put to death. With His birth in the 7th month (our September), Herod thought that his decree to slay boy babies up to two years old would then cover the age group of both Yohanan and Yahshua more than adequately. To him they were a threat to his reign. Yohanan’s mother, Elisheva (Elizabeth) had fled with her son to the hill tribes. His father Zekaryah (Zechariah) the priest was murdered in the temple when he refused to tell Herod’s soldiers where his baby son was at that time (Matt.23: 35). Also 70 of the priests perished with him when they stood by him to the last.
The earthly life of Yahshua, begins with His birth, and ends with His ascension into heaven and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. You will notice that most of these events happen on Feast days, except His immersion (the Hebrew Mikveh). Of course Yohanan would not have immersed anyone on Sabbaths or Feast days.
John 21:25 says “Also there are many other things which Yahshua did, that if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written”.
There are some gaps of many weeks in Yohanan’s gospel record, but he obviously only reported those things that he deemed essential for our spiritual knowledge, and these often fell on Sabbaths or Feast days, demonstrating to all the importance of keeping the Feasts.
70 weeks are determined, 490 days exactly!
The Seventy Weeks Chart is available by clicking on the link below